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Great Cultures of the World

Ancient Rome



Augustus: Images of Power

The return of the standards was also celebrated by a triple arch erected in 19 BCE at the SW entrance to the Forum, in front of the single arch erected in 29 to commemorate the battle of Actium. The inscription reads SPQR and IMP(erator) CAES(ar). On top of each arch rides Augustus in a triumphal chariot. 

Roman Art and Architecture

Right below: Apotheosis of Emperor Antoninus (c161 AD) and his wife, Faustina, from the base of the column of Antoninus Pius (now lost). Vatican, Cortile della Pigna.

The Basilica of Maxentius 
and Constantine.


The Christian Catacombs of Rome

Welcome to De Imperatoribus Romanis ("On the Roman Emperors")!

WHAT IS DIR? DIR is an on-line encyclopedia on the rulers of the Roman empire from Augustus (27 BC-AD 14) to Constantine XI Palaeologus (1449-1453). The encyclopedia consists of (1) an index of all the emperors who ruled during the empire's 1500 years, (2) a growing number of biographical essays on the individual emperors, (3) family trees ("stemmata") of important imperial dynasties, (4) an index of significant battles in the empire's history, (5) a growing number of capsule descriptions and maps of these battles, and (6) maps of the empire at different times. Wherever possible, these materials are cross-referenced by live links.
These contents are supplemented by an ancient and medieval atlas, a link to a virtual catalog of Roman coins, and other recommended links to related sites. The contents of DIR have been prepared by scholars but are meant to be accessible to non-specialists as well. They have been peer-reviewed for quality and accuracy before publication on this site.



The Other Amphitheatre in Rome: The Amphitheatrum Castrense 


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